Models for the chaperone-assisted folding of newly synthesized polypeptides in the cytosol. (A) Eubacteria. TF, trigger factor; N, native protein. Nascent chains probably interact generally with TF, and most small proteins (~65 to 80% of total) fold rapidly upon synthesis without further assistance. Longer chains (10 to 20% of total) interact subsequently with DnaK and DnaJ and fold upon one or several cycles of ATP-dependent binding and release. About 10 to 15% of chains transit the chaperonin system--GroEL and GroES--for folding. GroEL does not bind to nascent chains and is thus likely to receive an appreciable fraction of its substrates after their interaction with DnaK. (B) Archaea. PFD, prefoldin; NAC, nascent chain-associated complex. Only some archaeal species contain DnaK/DnaJ. The existence of a ribosome-bound NAC homolog, as well as the interaction of PFD with nascent chains, has not yet been confirmed experimentally. (C) Eukarya--the example of the mammalian cytosol. Like TF, NAC probably interacts generally with nascent chains. The majority of small chains may fold upon ribosome release without further assistance. About 15 to 20% of chains reach their native states in a reaction assisted by Hsp70 and Hsp40, and a fraction of these must be transferred to Hsp90 for folding. About 10% of chains are co- or posttranslationally passed on to the chaperonin TRiC in a reaction mediated by PFD
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|hiện||16:18, 4/8/2006||1.280×692 (209 kB)||Cao Xuân Hiếu||Models for the chaperone-assisted folding of newly synthesized polypeptides in the cytosol. (A) Eubacteria. TF, trigger factor; N, native protein. Nascent chains probably interact generally with TF, and most small proteins (~65 to 80% of total) fold rapid|
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