Cereal Chemistry 82 (6): 690-694
|Formation of resistant starch as affected by high-amylose wheat flour substitutions|
|Tạp chí Cereal Chemistry 2005 November-December; 82 (6):690-694|
|Tác giả||Pham Van HUNG, Makoto YAMAMORI, and Naofumi MORITA|
|Nơi thực hiện||Laboratory of Food Chemistry, Graduate School of Environmental and Life Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1, Gakuen-cho, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531, Japan.|
|Từ khóa||Amylose, Wheat, Breadmaking, Resistant starch|
|DOI URL [ PDF]|
High-amylose wheat flour was used to substitute for normal wheat flour in breadmaking and formation of resistant starch (RS) in bread during storage was determined. Substitution with high-amylose wheat flour (HAF) decreased peak and final viscosities, breakdown, and setback. Doughs with HAF substitutions were weaker and less elastic, and absorbed more water than those of the normal wheat flour. After baking, RS contents in breads with 10, 30, and 50% HAF substitutions were 1.6, 2.6, and 3.0% (db), respectively, higher than that of the control (0.9%, db). The levels of RS increased gradually during storage for one, three, and five days. With substitutions of 30 and 50% HAF, the total levels of dietary fiber (DF) and RS in bread after five days of storage were 15.5 and 16.8% (db), respectively, as compared to 13.0% (db) in bread from the normal wheat flour. The loaf volumes and appearances of bread crumbs made from HAF substitutions of 10 and 30% were not significantly different from those of the control, whereas the substitution with 50% HAF decreased loaf volume and resulted in inferior appearance of breadcrumbs. The firmness of breadcrumbs increased along with increase in the level of HAF substitutions after baking. During storage, the firmness of breadcrumb with 10% HAF substitutions was higher than that of the control, whereas breads with 30 and 50% HAF substitutions had similar firmness to the control. As a result, HAF might be used to substitute for up to 50% normal wheat flour to make bread with acceptable bread quality and significantly high amount of RS.