Starch/Staerke, 57(9), 413-420

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Effects of granule sizes on physicochemical properties of cross-linked and acetylated wheat starches
 Tạp chí Starch - Stärke 2005 September; 57 (9):413-420
 Tác giả   Pham Van HUNG and Naofumi MORITA
 Nơi thực hiện   Laboratory of Food Chemistry, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka, Japan
 Từ khóa   Acetylation, Cross-linking, Modified starch, Wheat starch, Starch granule
  DOI   URL  [ PDF]

English

Large and small wheat starch granules were used for cross-linking and acetylation to determine effects of granule sizes on physicochemical properties of the modified starches. The native and cross-linked starches from the small granules showed higher phosphorus contents than did those from the large granules. However, the level of phosphate substituents in the modified starches was not significantly different between the large and small granules under the same conditions. In contrast, the large granules had a higher reactivity with acetic anhydride than did the small granules. The phosphate group cross-linked starch (CS), acetylated starch (AS) and acetylated cross-linked starch (ACS) from the large granules had lower gelatinization temperatures and higher enthalpies than those from the small granules. The paste viscosities of the CSs from the large granules decreased rapidly, whereas those of the AS or ACS increased significantly as compared with those from the small granules. The pastes of cross-linked starches from the small granules were more stable than those from the large granules, whereas the pastes of AS and ACS from the large and small granules had similar resistance to freeze-thaw treatment. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) also showed that the small granules were less damaged after modification than the large ones. Thus, the different granule sizes resulted in different physicochemical properties of starch after modification.

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