Prevalence and genetic profiles of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains isolated from buffaloes, cattle, and goats in central Vietnam

Từ Thư viện Khoa học VLOS
Bước tới: chuyển hướng, tìm kiếm
'
Prevalence and genetic profiles of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli strains isolated from buffaloes, cattle, and goats in central Vietnam
 Tạp chí Veterinary Microbiology 2008 tháng 1; 126 (4):356-363
 Tác giả   Hung Vu-Khac, and Nancy A. Cornick
 Nơi thực hiện   Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine, Iowa State University, 2130 Vet. Med. Bldg, Ames, IA 50011-1250, USA & Department of Bacteriology, Central Vietnam Veterinary Institute, km4 Dong De Street, NhaTrang, Vietnam
 Từ khóa   STEC; Stx variants
  DOI   URL  [ PDF]

Tóm tắt (tiếng Anh)

We investigated the prevalence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in 568 healthy domestic animals (buffaloes, cattle, and goats) from 98 farms in the central region of Vietnam. The aims of this study were to determine if the prevalence of STEC in South East Asia is similar to that in other parts of the world, to characterize the virulence gene profiles from the recovered STEC and to determine if the recovered STEC belong to serotypes commonly associated with human disease. STEC and intimin-positive strains were recovered from 27% of buffaloes, 23% of cattle, and 38.5% of goats. Seventy percent of buffalo farms, 60% of cattle farms and 100% goat farms were positive for STEC. Of 170 STEC strains, 99 carried both stx1 and stx2 genes, 36 carried the stx2 gene, and 35 carried the stx1 gene. The eae gene was found in six caprine isolates, but not in buffalo or bovine isolates. Among 173 E. coli strains (170 STEC and 3 intimin-positive), 110 carried the ehxA gene, 106 possessed the saa gene. Further characterization of stx subtypes demonstrated that among 134 stx1-containing isolates, 107 belonged to the stx1c subtype and 27 were the stx1 subtype. Of the 132 stx2-containing isolates, 36 were stx2, 34 were stx2c, 43 were stx2d subtype, 3 belonged to stx2g, and 16 strains were stx2dact. The stx2c variant was dominant in strains isolated from buffalo while the stx2d variant occurred more frequently in caprine isolates. Only 9 (5%) STEC strains contained genes encoding for serotypes O26, O91, O121, O145, and O157 LPS, which are more frequently associated with human infections. The results of this study provide data for understanding of epidemiology of STEC among domestic animals in Vietnam and indicate that buffaloes are also an important reservoir of STEC.

Tiếng Việt